Water

Summary

  
         “Jordan is facing a future of very limited water resources—it is among the lo
west in the world on a per capita basis at 147 m3 per person per year in 2010. Renewable water resources have fallen below 130 m3 per person per year. Current total uses exceed renewable supply. The difference (the water used that is not renewable) comes from nonrenewable and fossil groundwater extraction and the reuse of reclaimed water. If supply remains constant, per capita domestic consumption is projected to fall to approximately 90 m3per person per year by 2025, putting Jordan in the category of having an absolute water shortage that will constrain economic growth and potentially endanger public health.” USAID, April 2012

 “Currently more than 97% of the Jordanian population is connected to piped networks. The majority of renewable surface water and groundwater has been exhausted, and the remaining usable resources for future are gradually diminishing.” Mopic, Nov.2013

 “With the influx of Syrian refugees into Jordan, the gap between available water and demand has widened significantly. 81% of households in rural areas report running out of water once or twice a month. Due to limited storage capacity, many households are increasingly reliant on water bought from private vendors at more expensive rate.” Mopic, Nov.2013

 
Water consumption in Jordan:

 
 
 
          USAID 2013-2017

Water Problems in Jordan:
·         Water demand exceeds supply and the gap is forecast to widen.
·         New water sources will be expensive (desalination and long conveyances).
·         Misuse of water (about 40-50% losses).
·         Drinking water quality.
·         Salinity of water.
                                                                                                                                                     Mopic-Nov2013

 To solve the problems mentioned above Jordan research priorities in water have been
Identified:
·         Integrated approach to water resource management.
·         Groundwater recharge.
·         Water safety and public health.
·         Innovation in irrigation water management.
·         Database and information system for water resource.
·         New technological methods for water treatment, such as desalination.
 
 The EU identified the priority areas in Water:
·         Water reuse and recycling.

  • Water and waste water treatment, including recovery of resources.
  • Water and energy integration; flood and drought risk management.
  •  The role of ecosystem services in the provision of water related services.
  • 3 cross-cutting priorities (water governance; decision support systems and monitoring and financing for innovation).

 
 Useful links:
 
http://www.water.ox.ac.uk/research/http:/www.wrcplc.co.uk/home.aspx
 
http://www.australianwaterrecycling.com.au/current-projects.html
 
http://www.germaninnovation.org/research-and-innovation/research-areas
 
http://centers.ju.edu.jo/centers/wersc/Pages/AboutUs.aspx
 
http://www.edama.jo/
 
http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities/h2020/index.html
 
 
 
 

 



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