Assessment the impact of various control programs used in controlling pests that infested date palm under field condition on the quality and quantity of the yield

Assessment the impact of various control programs used in controlling pests that infested date palm under field condition on the quality and quantity of the yield.

Applicant: Eng. Basil Obeidat, Co-applicant: Dr. Muna mashal

 

The overall objective of the project is to evaluate the impact of three main control measures which used to control pests of date palm to increase the quality and quantity of the yield. To assess the impact of conventional integrated pest management (IPM) and organic cultural methods on controlling pest that infested date palm, several activities have been conducted: The first activity was to detect the reasons behind the high losses of date palm during the early transplants age, 150 Medjool date palm seedlings were transplants in August 2015 on three plots to represent the three treatments (conventional, IPM, and organic). During date palm season a weekly monitoring for infestation and intensity of infected insect and diseases was conducted, in order to collect data needed to evaluate the used control measurement. The second activity was in Commercial farms (10-15 and 0-3 year’s old farms) to evaluate the impact of the conventional, organic and IPM methods used by the farmers. The third activity conducted in a farm that has old palm date trees where farmers used a specific instruction procedures; a monitoring and evaluation program was set for all processes from the preparation till the harvesting date. The last activity was school field days, which aimed to train technicians on IPM and organic cultural practices needed to manage date palm farms, twenty five students of the agricultural-vocational school in Jordan valley were trained through fourteen lectures and fourteen field days. They were trained on practical techniques and received all the needed knowledge to work in date palm as a technician starting from establishing the farm, planting and irrigation system installation to harvesting.

 



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