ENERGY
ENERGY FACT & FIGURES – Jordan
•    In 2012 local crude oil and natural gas production were nearly 279 thousand ton of oil equivalent (TOE) 3.5% of Jordan’s total energy needs.
•    Jordan is one of the world’s most insecure energy countries, importing about 96% of its energy needs (oil and gas); which is equivalent to 20 %of the country's GDP.
•    Located within the World Solar Belt: 300 – 320 days of full sunshine
•    Above World Average Wind Speed   : 7 meters per second
By 2015, Jordan will have a wind capacity of 600 MW, expected to double by 2020.
 
•    Jordan has the highest Engineers per capita ratio in the world: Engineer per 83 inhabitants by 2020
•    Committed Governance: Pro-Investment ‘Renewable Energy Law’
•    Groundbreaking Energy Strategy: $1.4 – 2.1 billion investment
•    Geopolitical Advantage – Can become regional Energy Hub: Connected to MENA & Europe
•    Rising trend of green consumers and environmentalists in the country


•    Jordan has traditionally relied on natural gas imported from Egypt representing 80% of its electricity generation. A series of disruptions to this flow have been experienced since 2011, with gas imports from Egypt declining by up to 70%, in response, Jordan shifted to crude oil imports from the Gulf, which led to a rise in energy costs to approximately 20% of GDP.

•    This has serious implications for the State's budget, drastically decreasing the fiscal space,  therefore restrecting government in its various priorities for sustaining development and ensure national resilience.

•    The 2013 electricity subsidy bill is expected to reach USD1.8 billion, almost matching Jordan’s forecasted 2013 budget deficit of USD 2 billion.



 
ENERGY OPPORTUNITIES in Jordan
•  Manufacturing photovoltaic cells, wind turbines and PV invertors to market locally and regionally
•  Participating in turn-key projects in wind and solar energy farms in Jordan and regional markets.
•  Manufacturing solar water heaters capitalizing on existing strength in research and testing capabilities.
•  Developing training programmes to facilitate installation of photovoltaic technology in the region.
•  Establishing R&D testing facilities for energy efficient lighting equipment with potential to export regionally.
•  Establish regional offices in Jordan to offer services in renewable power operation solutions and renewable energy infrastructure such as Independent Power Producer (IPP) projects to serve local and regional markets
 
Research Priorities in Jordan for the Energy Sector (2011-2020)
•  Development and Utilization of Renewable Solar and Wind Energy Systems
•  Desalination
•  Mining of Oil Shale
•  Exploring and mining of Uranium
•  Management of Energy and Environment
•  Industrial Materials and Products (includes Development of recyclable, reusable and      reproducible environment friendly products)

Research Priorities in EU for Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy
•   Energy Efficiency; Reducing energy consumption and carbon footprint
•  Low-cost, low-carbon electricity supply
•  Alternative fuels and mobile energy sources
•  A single, smart European electricity grid
•  New knowledge and technologies
•  Robust decision making and public engagement
•  Smart cities & communities; market uptake of energy and ICT innovation.
A budget of €5 931 million has been allocated to non-nuclear energy research for 2014-2020. 



 
Current & Potential RE Projects




Wind Power

•  Resources are available and attractive wind sites have been identified.
•  More sites (about 15) still under further measurements and investigation.
•  Two commercial wind projects currently in the pipeline and future projects are under consideration depending on the results of the measurement campaign. 
 
Solar Power
•  High solar radiation figures of 5 – 7 kWh/m2 per day with about 300 sunny days in the year.
•  The total annual irradiance is 1600-2300 kWh/m2
•  Solar Water Heaters: Financing scheme program currently developed to increase the share of households equipped with SWH from 14% today to 25% by 2015 and 30% by 2020.
•  Photovoltaics: good utilization and experience of PV in rural areas for electricity generation and water pumping (about 1000kW of PV systems). New projects are planned with international support and through private investors .
 
•  First Concentrated Solar Power project: Recently launched in cooperation with EU: With expected 10 million Euro grant, 5 MW CSP plant will be built in the South of Jordan and used as a training center for NERC (The National Energy Research Center) and the local workforce.

•  100 MW CSP Power Station in Jordan: To construct a 100MW Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) plant in the south-eastern part of Jordan (Ma’an Governorate). The applicable technology is open at this point of time, and it is expected to be determined by the competitive tendering process on BOO (Build, Own & Operate) basis. Soft financing is expected through the so-called Clean Technology Fund (CTF).
 
•  Several large private CSP & PV projects (investors and technology providers) were announced within the Ma’an Development Zone with feasibility studies underway.
 
Biomass/Biogas/Biofuels
Resources:

•  Most viable resource for biogas in Jordan is municipal solid waste.
•  The amount of municipal solid waste is fast growing.
•  Resources are available.
Past & on-going activities:
•  A pilot plant using municipal solid waste of 3.5 MW in operation since 2000.
•  Pilot projects for the cultivation of Jatropha curcas are underway throughout the Kingdom to help identify the most suitable areas and the feasibility of large scale cultivation (Biofuels production).
 
Geothermal
Hot and geothermal springs do exist, but have been found to have low enthalpy and could not support commercial power development. Deep drilling is required for further investigations and feasibility of commercial projects.
 
Hydropower
•  Around 10 MW installed power.
•  Red - Dead Seas Project (400-800 MW)
•  Resources are very limited.

 

 
Useful Links
 
Ministry of Environment
http://www.moenv.gov.jo/En/Pages/default.aspx
 
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources
http://www.memr.gov.jo/Default.aspx
 
(ERC) Electricity Regulatory Commission
http://www.erc.gov.jo/English/Pages/default.aspx
 
(NRA) Natural Resources Authority
http://www.nra.gov.jo/
 
(NEPCO) National Electric Power Company
http://www.nepco.com.jo/eindex.aspx
 
(EDCO) Electricity Distribution Company
http://www.edco.jo/
 
Irbid District Electricity Company (IDECO)
http://www.kec.jo/node/27
 
 

 

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